A tree of the citrus family to 30 feet which is similar in appearance to Bitter Orange aka Seville Orange (C. aurantium), but with wider leaves and a more aromatic rind on the fruit. Both Neroli oil from the flowers, and Bergamot oil from the rinds, are obtained by distillation.
Extensively cultivated in southern France and Italy for a long time, it is believed the orange blossom as a symbol for marriage originated there.
The name BERGAMOT is shared by unrelated perennial plants of the Monarda species.
PART USED: Flowers, ripe fruit peel.
BITTER ORANGE (Citrus aurantium ssp amara): The peel is CONTRAINDICATED with stomach or intestinal ulcers; NOT given to children (possible toxic effects); NOT with ultraviolet or sun therapy (increased photosensitivity).